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FOSS4G2006 - Free And Open Source Software for Geoinformatics
FOSS4G2006 - Free And Open Source Software for Geoinformatics
11-15 September 2006 Lausanne, Switzerland
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A web-based GIS system for debris flow hazard mapping
For debris flow hazards management a so-called Rapid Needs Assessment System was
designed for two counties in Taiwan. The GIS system is based on a combination of
Apache web server and / UMN Mapserver for Windows that allows for on line viewing of
map layers and graphs. Risk and debris flow potential maps were prepared by using
Free and Open Source GRASS GIS. The methodology and resulting system may be used by
local government agencies for coordinating evacuation and protection of the
population during typhoons, and other events with increased potential of debris flows.

GIS based criteria were used to calculate debris flow potential by overlaying 
controlling factors such as geology, slope, aspect and distance to channel.
To calculate the risk to people or property and infrastructure, the distance to
buildings and roads was used. Geology, shows the 1:250,000 scale geological map of
the area. The slope map is derived from a 40 * 40 m Digital Elevation Model (DEM).
Aspect, shows the directions of slopes from 0 to 360 degrees. Risk of aspects is
derived from rules that give different risk for different aspect depending on one of
four most probable typhoon directions. Watershed, shows all streams and rivers in the
area. FOS risk shows the so called 'failure-of-slope' risk. A table with risk factors
for slope and geology was combined with a raster map of all possible combinations of
slope and geology. Watershed risk weight shows the risk based on distance to streams
and rivers. The number of streams was so large that buffering was not possible due to
a lack of memory. Therefore, it was decided to first make a raster map of the streams
map. After that the raster was expanded in steps of 40m and overlays were made to
derive a distance to stream map. Population, shows the population numbers for
different towns in 2005. Buildings and main facilities show the location of housing
and other buildings. Roads layers shows three levels of roads. Since the secondary
roads and small mountain roads would be too many if zoomed out to full extend, it was
decided to only show secondary roads from a scale of 1:150,000 and larger and
mountain roads from a scale of 1:50,000 and larger. A database of historical debris
flows can be viewed and was also used in risk calculations as shown below. Rain Gage
Stations, show all Central Weather Bureau rain gages in the area. Satellite image
shows two overlapping panchromatic Landsat 7 ETM+ images, band 8, of the area. Risk
Levels, is the map calculation of ASPECT_TYPE-X * FOS-FACTOR * WATERSHED * HIST-DF *
BUILDROAD. By multiplying the different risks with the building and road raster,
where buildings and roads are 1 and rest 0 a map of potential hazard areas is
produced. Debris Flow Potential Area (all), shows the result of the map calculation
ASPECT_TYPE-X * FOS-FACTOR * WATERSHED * HIST-DF, so without taking buildings and
roads into account. The map is slightly different for different typhoon events
because of the aspect. The Investigation Area (Risk 4&5), BoO (Level 3), EFO (Level
2) and Safer Area (Level 1) are the individual layers with corresponding risk levels
and also indicate location of stations and safe areas for evacuation of people in
case of a typhoon event.
Id: 115
Place: Lausanne, Switzerland
Room: AmphipĂ´le (niv. 3)
Starting date:
-- not yet scheduled --   
Duration: 00'
Contribution type: Poster
Primary Authors: Mr. BORGHUIS, Sander (Research Assistant, GIS specialist. Hydrotech Research Institute, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan)
Co-Authors: Dr. WANG, Jieh-Jiuh (Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The Environmental Restoration and Disaster Reduction Research Center (ERDR) at National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan)
Presenters: Mr. BORGHUIS, Sander
Included in session: Posters

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