Important instruments for the decision-making process that public administrations may
use are maps of the realistic effects that distructive natural events may produce.
In the present work we have predisposed a GIS procedure to realize tsunami inundation
maps and damage prediction with the software open source GRASS6.0.
Input data is the tsunami inshore wave height. Then, the model uses the Digital
Terrain Model and the Land Use Cartography (or aerial photographs to classify if Land
Use Cartography is not available) to take into account terrain morphology (slope,
aspect, etc.) and its roughness due to vegetation and settlements, in the evaluation
of wave run-up and its propagation inside the coast.
Moreover, a first estimated value of damage to people and things may be quantified,
having evaluated the crucial structures (like harbours, depuration systems,
hospitals, schools, roads, railways, etc.) located in the area and their values for
the community, the season and the hour in which the event happens, and the prevalent
activity of the inhabitants.
A detailed description of the procedure will be reported at the conference.
The whole procedure was applied to a reach of the Ligurian coast, a particularly
densely populated areas, in the north-west side of Italy; such test area is
characterized by either gentle slope beaches without protection, hence more exposed
to risk, and rock cliffs less liable to damage; in both cases we obtained realistic
Note that, due to the fact that in the Mediterranean sea the time between the
generation of an earthquake or a landslide and the coming of the tsunami wave on the
coast is very limited, these maps might have most of all an informative and
preventive function: to improve the sensibility of the population on this particular
hazard, to indicate to public administrations which crucial structures should be
protected to manage better the emergence, and to have in few minutes from the events
a quite detailed idea of the expected damage so to help the rescues.